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近年来国产印染设备水平明显提高 但依旧面临4项难题

发布时间:2018-11-08 14:28
尽管国产印染设备水平明显提高,但行业发展依旧面临4方面的难题:
 
Despite the marked improvement in the level of domestic dyeing and printing equipment, the industry still faces 4 difficulties:
 
 
 
一是受工艺流程、助剂、染料等因素的制约,国内高效、短流程印染设备发展缓慢,工艺路线长;
 
First, due to the constraints of process flow, auxiliaries, dyes and other factors, domestic high-efficiency, short-process printing and dyeing equipment develops slowly and the process route is long.
 
 
 
二是印染机械行业的创新与研发投入总体偏低,大学和科研院所对印染机械基础理论的研究少,特别是跨领域技术的研发项目少;
 
Secondly, the investment in innovation and R&D of printing and dyeing machinery industry is generally low, and the basic theory of printing and dyeing machinery is seldom studied by universities and research institutes, especially the cross-domain technology R&D projects.
 
 
 
三是印染机械产品发展具有一定的盲目性,中低端产品产能在不断增长,技术含量不高,专用基础件产品同质化情况较严重;
 
Third, the development of printing and dyeing machinery products has a certain degree of blindness. The production capacity of low-end products is increasing, the technical content is not high, and the homogeneity of special basic products is serious.
 
 
 
四是一些印染机械产品的运行稳定性、耐久性不高,一次成功率偏低,造成能源浪费,加剧了环境污染。
 
Fourthly, the stability and durability of some printing and dyeing machinery products are not high, and the one-time success rate is low, which causes energy waste and aggravates environmental pollution.
 
 
 
国产印染设备,印染机械产品,印染设备行业
 
China's printing and dyeing equipment, printing and dyeing machinery products, printing and dyeing equipment industry
 
 
 
因此,为规范行业秩序,实现国内印染设备行业的再次升级,环保、节能、数字化监控与智能化应当成为印染机械发展的重中之重。
 
Therefore, in order to standardize the order of the industry and realize the re-upgrading of the domestic printing and dyeing equipment industry, environmental protection, energy saving, digital monitoring and intellectualization should become the top priority of the development of printing and dyeing machinery.
 
 
 
具体来看,印染机械技术和产品的发展趋势体现在以下方面:
 
Specifically, the development trend of printing and dyeing machinery technology and products is reflected in the following aspects:
 
 
 
在发展连续式印染机械流程配置的同时,发展短流程设备与工艺同步发展(如湿短蒸设备);实现退煮漂设备、丝光机和连续轧染设备配备数控装置,精确控制织物张力,对水电汽消耗进行精确监控;为水洗单元机加装喷淋、振荡、超声波等部件,提高水洗效率;改进蒸箱封口、加强保温以减少热损失;更加注重轧车橡胶的质量,降低轧余率(博路威的微孔轧辊);提高热风烘干的机效率,降低能耗;随着张力可精确控制和针织物卷边等问题的解决,针织物连续式练漂、水洗设备将替代部分间歇式设备;
 
While developing the configuration of continuous printing and dyeing machinery process, the development of short-process equipment and technology synchronized development (such as wet short steaming equipment); the realization of scouring and bleaching equipment, mercerizing machine and continuous padding and dyeing equipment equipped with numerical control devices, accurate control of fabric tension, accurate monitoring of water vapor consumption; the installation of spraying, oscillation, and continuous padding equipment for water washing unit machine Ultrasound and other components can improve the washing efficiency; improve the sealing of steaming box and strengthen heat preservation to reduce heat loss; pay more attention to the quality of rolling rubber and reduce the rolling allowance (Boluwei microporous roll); improve the efficiency of hot air drying and reduce energy consumption; as tension can be accurately controlled and knitted fabric curling problems solved, knitted fabrics continue. The scouring and bleaching and washing equipment will replace part of the intermittent equipment.
 
 
 
化纤长丝织物连续处理工艺的研究正在进行,连续式设备可能会取代部分间歇设备,用于化纤长丝织物大批量生产;圆网和平网印花机仍将是印花主流设备,未来将实现全数字化操作,对图案进行实时监控,保证对花精度稳定;拉幅定形机配备数字化能耗监控系统,减少废气排放等方面的热损失;湿处理设备将普遍配备废水过滤回用、余热回收装置,定形机配备废气余热回收和净化处理设备,最大程度利用废热,降低生产能耗;间歇式印染设备将继续发展低浴比技术,研究染色后水洗过程的低耗水技术;推广染料与助剂的自动配送技术与产品,减少化学污染。
 
Research on continuous processing technology of chemical filament fabrics is under way. Continuous equipment may replace part of intermittent equipment for mass production of chemical filament fabrics. Rotary screen and flat screen printing machine will still be the mainstream printing equipment, which will realize full digital operation in the future, real-time monitoring of patterns to ensure stable printing accuracy. Shaping machine is equipped with digital energy consumption monitoring system to reduce heat loss in waste gas discharge, wet treatment equipment will be generally equipped with waste water filtration and reuse, waste heat recovery and purification treatment equipment, to maximize the use of waste heat and reduce production energy consumption; intermittent printing and dyeing equipment will continue to develop. Low bath ratio technology, low water consumption technology in washing process after dyeing, automatic distribution technology and products of dyes and auxiliaries are promoted to reduce chemical pollution.
 
 
 
值得一提的是,数码喷墨印花机是纺织机械行业的发展热点,随着个性化定制的纺织品越来越多地进入人们的生活,数码印花布产量逐年增加,数码喷墨印花机的产量会较快增长;数码喷印+圆(平)网联合机会逐步走入市场。
 
It is worth mentioning that digital ink-jet printing machine is the development hotspot of textile machinery industry. With more and more individualized and customized textiles entering people's lives, the output of digital printing cloth increases year by year, and the output of digital ink-jet printing machine will grow rapidly. The opportunity of digital ink-jet printing plus round (flat) screen combination gradually enters the market.
 
 
 
此外,拉幅定形机的适用范围从传统机织物机构延伸到针织物、非织造布等多种类型织物,近几年市场需求量大,预计未来三年仍将保持1200台/年甚至更高的产量。
 
In addition, the application scope of stretching and setting machine extends from traditional woven mechanism to knitted fabrics, non-woven fabrics and other types of fabrics. In recent years, the market demand is huge, and it is expected that the output of stretching and setting machine will remain 1200 units per year or even higher in the next three years.
 
 
 
总体来讲,制造质量、工艺适应性和成功率的提高始终是印染机械发展的目标,绿色环保是印染机械发展的主线。数控与智能化技术的应用将有效提升传统机械的能力,甚至完全改变运行与操作方式,而染化料与印染工艺的进步,将会决定印染工艺的未来,也可能会突然改变印染机械发展的方向。
 
Generally speaking, the improvement of manufacturing quality, process adaptability and success rate is always the goal of the development of printing and dyeing machinery, and green environment protection is the main line of the development of printing and dyeing machinery. The application of NC and intelligent technology will effectively enhance the ability of traditional machinery, even completely change the operation and operation mode. The progress of dyeing and dyeing process will determine the future of printing and dyeing process, and may suddenly change the direction of development of printing and dyeing machinery.
 
 
 
今年以来,国内纺织机械行业业绩明显改善,主营业务收入、利润总额呈现两位数增长,纺机产品进、出口均实现增长。根据中国纺织机械协会的统计,今年1~8月,纺机行业主营业务收入达到835.21亿元,同比增长12.46%;纺织机械进口总额达到22.52亿美元,同比增长32.61%,出口总额达到21.17亿美元,同比增长6.48%。1~8月,印染后整理机械进口3.07亿美元,同比增长33.81%;印染后整理机械出口4.04亿美元,同比增长6.00%。
 
Since this year, the performance of domestic textile machinery industry has improved markedly, with double-digit growth in revenue and total profit of main business, and growth in both import and export of textile machinery products. According to the statistics of China Textile Machinery Association, from January to August this year, the main business income of the textile machinery industry reached 83.521 billion yuan, an increase of 12.46%, the total import of textile machinery reached 2.252 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 32.61%, and the total export reached 2.117 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 6.48%. From January to August, the import of finishing machinery was US$307 million, an increase of 33.81% over the same period last year, while the export of finishing machinery was US$404 million, an increase of 6.00% over the same period last year.

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